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Glossary

Glossary

The glossary aids you in understanding the specialized terms in relation to cow’s milk allergy and other food allergies. Start by typing in the search box or use the alphabetical index to find what you are looking for.

C
  • Calorie

    Used in the field of nutrition to characterise food according to the quantity of energy given to the body.

  • Carbohydrates

    Essential elements of living cells and main source of energy for the body's metabolic processes.

  • Casein

    Main milk protein, making up 80% of the proteins in cow’s milk. Casein has a wide variety of uses, from being a major component of cheese, to use as a food additive, also as binder for safety matches.

  • Clinical

    Dealing with how to practically manage patients.

  • Clinical trial

    A formal research protocol involving patients. Clinical trials are conducted to allow safety and efficacy data to be collected for health interventions (e.g., drugs, diagnostics, devices, therapy protocols).

  • Colic

    Condition in which an otherwise healthy baby cries or screams frequently and for extended periods, without any discernible reason. The condition typically appears within the first two weeks of life and almost invariably disappears, often very suddenly, before the baby is three to four months old, but can last up to 12 months of life.

  • Constipation

    Refers to bowel movements that are infrequent and/or hard to pass. Constipation is a common cause of painful defecation.

  • Cow’s milk allergy (CMA)

    An adverse reaction of the immune system to one or more cow’s milk proteins. CMA is the most common food allergy in infants and young children.