Used in the field of nutrition to characterise food according to the quantity of energy given to the body.
Essential elements of living cells and main source of energy for the body's metabolic processes.
Main milk protein, making up 80% of the proteins in cow’s milk. Casein has a wide variety of uses, from being a major component of cheese, to use as a food additive, also as binder for safety matches.
Dealing with how to practically manage patients.
A formal research protocol involving patients. Clinical trials are conducted to allow safety and efficacy data to be collected for health interventions (e.g., drugs, diagnostics, devices, therapy protocols).
Condition in which an otherwise healthy baby cries or screams frequently and for extended periods, without any discernible reason. The condition typically appears within the first two weeks of life and almost invariably disappears, often very suddenly, before the baby is three to four months old, but can last up to 12 months of life.
Refers to bowel movements that are infrequent and/or hard to pass. Constipation is a common cause of painful defecation.
An adverse reaction of the immune system to one or more cow’s milk proteins. CMA is the most common food allergy in infants and young children.